If you are into worshiping jaguars, best stick with the E-type. The Gods have provided us with a robust privacy and cookie policy which all mortals are advised to read. The two later cooperated, however, to create the 5th Sun. © 2019 Wasai LLC – All Rights Reserved. He feuded with his brother Quetzalcoatl and emerged victorious after tricking his younger sibling into shaming himself. Unfortunately, Tezcatlipoca was incapable of being a complete sun due to his missing foot. Tezcatlipoca was one of the most important gods in the Aztec pantheon. ↩, Henry Phillips, Jr., “Notes upon the Codex Ramirez, with a Translation of the Same,” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 21, no. Tezcatlipoca’s cult was brought to central Mexico by the Toltecs, Nahua-speaking warriors from the north, about the end of the 10th century ad. Tezcatlipoca (pronounced Tez-kat-lee-po’-ka), an omnipresent god capable of shapeshifting into a jaguar, was an incredibly important member of the Aztec pantheon. Meehan, Evan. Despite some superficial similarities to the Aztec deity—such as an affinity for mirrors—the character was ultimately very different from his inspiration. Accessed June 19, 2019. https://www.jstor.org/stable/982343. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Press, 2014. Tezcatlipoca (smoking mirror) was the first god to be a sun. Tezcatlipoca’s name means “Smoking Mirror.” Together with his eternal opposite Quetzalcoatl, he created the world. Quetzalcoatl knocked Tezcatlipoca from the sky, and in revenge Tezcatlipoca took the form of a jaguar and destroyed the world. A key element of Tezcatlipoca’s power was his omnipresence. According to Aztec mythology, Tezcatlipoca (tes-cat-lee-poh-ka) was considered the god of magic and darkness. Another of the most important gods, and perhaps the one who has the most diverse forms, is the creator god, Tezcatlipoca. TEZCATLIPOCA ("the smoking mirror") was one of the four Aztec creator gods who arranged the universe and set the cosmic ages in motion through periodic celestial battles. Such rituals all connected back to Tezcatlipoca. Once he reached the summit, the sacrificial victim would have his heart removed with an obsidian blade; he may also have been flayed and decapitated. Learn more. Article last revised on April 09, 2019 by Rowan Allen. Tezcatlipoca’s actions were costly, however; he lost his left foot in the process. Type: God Evan Meehan is a freelance writer, researcher, and historian with an M.A. Evan Meehan, “Tezcatlipoca,” Mythopedia, accessed , https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/tezcatlipoca/. After his fall, Tezcatlipoca was transformed from a humanoid to a jaguar, becoming more associated with night, witches, thieves, and others who perform deeds under the cover of darkness. Though Quetzalcoatl’s departure left Tezcatlipoca in charge of the modern age, the Aztecs prophesied Quetzalcoatl might one day return to regain his throne. BASH! History. “Tloquenahuaque.” Wikipedia. Tezcatlipoca was usually drawn with a stripe of black paint across his face and an obsidian (black glass ) mirror in place of one of his feet (his name means Smoking Mirror). Transformed into giant snakes, the two gods attacked and dismembered the female reptilian monster known as Tlaltcuhtli (or Cipactli), one part became the e… Tezcatlipoca was believed to be the son of the primordial androgynous god Ometeotl. Among other things, he was also the god of the night sky and the direction north. The jaguar was Tezcatlipoca’s nagual, or animal disguise. Usually seen as the opposite of his brother Quetzalcoatl. As a god of the sun, he ripened the crops but could also send a burning drought that killed the plants. Oxford: ABC-CLIO, 2000. Accessed . Ritual blood-letting and even human sacrifice were conducted with obsidian blades. Tezcatlipoca overthrew Quetzalcoatl who overthrew him in return. After being born to Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, Tezcatlipoca spent 600 years waiting for his youngest brother, Huitzilopochtli, to grow flesh. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Press, 2014. Tezcatlipoca is the Smoking Mirror. POW! The Aztec god Tezcatlipoca was a powerful, omnipresent deity, one of the creators of the Aztec world, and often represented by a smoking mirror. In this process, Tezcatlipoca lost his foot when he used it as bait for the Earth Monster Cipactli. Meehan, Evan. “Tōxcatl.” Wikipedia. Then, together with Quetzalcoatl, he trapped Cipactli and created the world from its body. Accessed July 13, 2019. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tloquenahuaque. Tezcatlipoca was a significant god in Aztec religion. Handbook of Mesoamerican Mythology. He feuded with his brother Quetzalcoatl and emerged victorious after tricking his younger sibling into shaming himself. The post-Classic (after ad 900) Maya-Quiche people of Guatemala revered him as a lightning god under the name Hurakan ("One Foot"). Phillips, Henry Jr. “Notes upon the Codex Ramirez, with a Translation of the Same.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 21, no. Every year, a young man—typically a prisoner of war—was chosen to represent Tezcatlipoca. The band Mastodon referenced Tezcatlipoca in their song ‘Jaguar God.’ The lines “Smoking mirrors black obsidian” and “Lord of the near and the nigh” were both direct references to Tezcatlipoca. But despite being a nasty piece of work, he’s a handsome chap who once seduced the beautiful Xochiquetzal. BBCODE: To link to this page in a forum post or comment box, just copy and paste the link code below: Here's the info you need to cite this page. Elizabeth Baquedano (Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Press, 2014), 20. Baquedano, Elizabeth, ed. Meehan, Evan. While the Aztec pantheon did not have a hierarchy, Tezcatlipoca still managed to stand above his peers; the Ramirez Codex described him as “the greatest and the worst, who overpowered and bore sway over the other three [sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl.]”4. Copyright © 1999-2020 Godchecker, Inc. All rights reserved. The festival would reach its climax with the man voluntarily walking up the steps of the tlacochcalco (literally “house of darts,” essentially a stepped pyramid that housed the Aztec’s armory) and breaking a ceramic flute at each step. Particularly in light of the cultural disruption that occurred during and after the Spanish conquest, many legends do not have a clear consensus. Tezcatlipoca's animal disguise, was the jaguar, the spotted skin of which was compared to the starry sky. No wonder the Aztecs feared and worshiped him – he is a formidable and potent figure. Wikipedia contributors. For official Godchecker merch please visit our God Shop where a wide range of items are available to buy. 116 (June 1884): 616-651. In his drunkenness, Topiltzin-Quetzalcoatl slept with his celibate priestess sister. Tezcatlipoca and his brothers, the tzitzimime, created the world. Accessed July 13, 2019. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tezcatlipoca. ↩, Some Aztec legends, like those in the Ramirez Codex, say that Quetzalcoatl and Huitzilopochtli were responsible for creating the world. In the manga Soul Eater, Tezca Tlipoca is a recurring character. The god Tezcatlipoca was a major Aztec deity who was worshiped in east-west facing temples in many Mesoamerican city-states under the influence of the Aztecs, particularly Texcoco. In addition, he was known by several other names with meanings like Sower of Discord, Night, Wind, and He by whom we live. He tricked the king Topiltzin-Quetzalcoatl, a manifestation of Quetzalcoatl, into becoming heavily intoxicated on pulque (an alcoholic beverage made from agave). When he awoke the next day and realized what he had done, the king exiled himself in shame. Godchecker™ is a trade mark used under license. Their battles were repeated several times, accompanied by devastation, world destruction and severe inconvenience to a large number of monkeys. Tezcatlipoca (テスカトリポカ, Tesukatoripoka) is the god worshiped by the Aztecs.Warriors Jaguars and servants of this god seeking release it. Accessed on . Not sure of the spelling? Before the world was created, all that existed were a few gods, a massive ocean, and the sea monster/crocodile Cipactli. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. He was labeled the god of the nocturnal sky, temptation, sorcery, and war. Tezcatlipoca is a character in Onyx Equinox. After his fall from grace, Tezcatlipoca “metamorphosed into a tiger [jaguar]” and killed all of the men that had been created in the age of the first sun.7. Alternative names: Omacatl, Smoking Mirror, Tezcalipoca, Titlacauan, Gender: Male Tezcatlipoca is regarded by the Aztecs as the god of the night, king of witches and the patron god of Aztec kings and young warriors. In artwork, Tezcatlipoca is usually identifiable by his missing left leg, the presence of an obsidian/smoking mirror (often replacing the missing leg), and a horizontal black band across his eyes. Any reflection was a portal through which he could view the world. Accessed July 15, 2019. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C5%8Dxcatl. Privacy Policy, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tezcatlipoca, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tloquenahuaque, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C5%8Dxcatl, https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/tezcatlipoca/. Wikipedia contributors. Wikipedia contributors. This person, called the ixiptla, or impersonator, was a recurring element in Aztec religious celebrations. Originally adopted from the Toltecs, Tezcatlipoca is with the horned owl and the jaguar, the latter of which he is known to shapeshift into its form at will. While some of the legends say that Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl worked together, most tales described them as working towards the same goal in opposition to one another. Sometimes he was shown as a partner in creation, but more often he was shown as a god of judgment and destruction. The antagonism between Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl began to grow shortly after the former turned himself into the first sun. Finding humanity to have grown violent and irreverent, he seeks to destroy and remake it by the equinox, but he went ahead with Quetzalcoatl 's bet to see if a human would close the gates of the underworld. Quetzalcoatl is a primordial god of creation, a giver of life. Pronunciation: Coming soon Aztec Night-time God Also known as Omacatl, Smoking Mirror, Tezcalipoca, Titlacauan The all-important God of Night, Death and Confusion He is the old arch-rival of Top God Quetzalcoatl and spent most of his time during the Creation of the Universe bashing, crashing and smashing his enemy’s work instead of doing anything constructive. He is the old arch-rival of Top God Quetzalcoatl and spent most of his time during the Creation of the Universe bashing, crashing and smashing his enemy’s work instead of doing anything constructive. Tezcatlipoca (/tɛskɑːtliˈpoʊkə/; Classical Nahuatl: Tezcatlipōca pronounced [teskatɬiˈpoːka]) was a central deity in Aztec religion, and his main festival was the Toxcatl ceremony celebrated in the month of May. Name: Tezcatlipoca “Tezcatlipoca.” Mythopedia, https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/tezcatlipoca/. Tezcatlipoca was believed to be the son of the primordial androgynous god Ometeotl. Tezcatlipoca is the Aztec god of night and change through conflict. Wikipedia contributors, “Tloquenahuaque,” Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tloquenahuaque](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tloquenahuaque) (accessed July 13, 2019). PUNCH! There are many stories about this Demon god and his activities. When next year’s Tezcatlipoca impersonator was selected, they were given the most recent ixiptla’s skin to wear as a cloak.9. A creator god, Tezcatlipoca ruled over Ocelotonatiuh (“Jaguar-Sun”), the first of the four worlds that were created and destroyed before the present universe. He was the god of material things and of night, and was also associated with winds, the earth, magic and war. To purchase such goodies we suggest you try Amazon, Ebay or other reputable online stores. His Roots Go Back as Far as the Ancient Olmec. Tezcatlipoca's Helm is the dragon-shaped helmet on top of its skull-like head. Tezcatlipoca would soon get his revenge and bring Quetzalcoatl’s time as the sun to an end. Tezcatlipoca was generally represented with a stripe of black paint across his face and an obsidian mirror in place of one of his feet. A supreme god of the Aztecs, Tezcatlipoca which means “smoking mirror” was the patron god of sorcery and … ↩, Elizabeth Baquedano, ed., Tezcatlipoca: Trickster and Supreme Deity (Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Press, 2014), 5. He was represented by the Ursa Major (Great Bear) constellation, which the Aztec saw as a jaguar. Ever since you were born, you were raised to be one of the many women who looked after the prisoners of war who were to be sacrificed each month to the respective god. Angered by this inadequacy, Quetzalcoatl “gave [Tezcatlipoca] a blow with a great stick, and threw him over into the water.”6 He then proceeded to turn himself into the second sun. In addition to his shapeshifting ability, Tezcatlipoca also appeared as several different gods who wer… Tezcatlipoca (pron. Tezcatlipoca is the Aztec God of night and destruction. Retrieved from https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/tezcatlipoca/. Edited by Elizabeth Baquedano. This has alternatively been translated as “next to whom is the being of all things, conserving them and sustaining them.” Historian Miguel Leon Portilla believes that it referred to Ometeotl, the combined deity of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl. Tezcatlipoca (Evening Star aspect of Venus) was the giver and taker away of life, and with his magic mirror, he could stare into the hearts and souls of men. Tezcatlipoca was originally a god of warriors and the sun, the ruler of the First Sun, one of the great historical ages in the Olman circular calendar. As an ever-growing archive, our mission is to catalog the world’s mythology on the web for all to enjoy. They were thrown out of paradise, Tamoanchan, when Tezcatlipoca made the mistake of picking the sacred roses of Tamoanchan. He is the god intelligence and self-reflection, a patron of priests. Please mention Godchecker.com when praying to the Gods. Apart from being a creator deity, he also ruled over the modern age. In the Aztec religion, Tezcatlipoca was an important god. This explains his association with the first day of the thirteen-day Aztec calendar which is represented by a jaguar. He’s a real whiz at shape-changing, often manifesting himself as Mixcoatl as well as mysterious birds such as Chalchiuhtotolin and Chalchiuhtecólotl. In Aztec mythology he was the brother of Quetzalcoatl , Huitzilopochtli and Xipe Totec . The ixiptla was treated with great respect and trained to speak in a courtly style. Popularity index: 4213. https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/tezcatlipoca/. In the complex Mesoamerican creation myths Tezcatlipoca ruled the first world of the Sun but was then overthrown by Quetzalcóatl. Quetzalcoatl is also called White Tezcatlipoca, to contrast him to the black Tezcatlipoca. Editors: Peter J. Allen, Chas Saunders. Smith, Michael E. “The Archaeology of Tezcatlipoca.” Tezcatlipoca: Trickster and Supreme Deity. He was sometimes known as owner of the sky and the Earth, and Lord of the Smoking Mirror. He ruled over the modern age, having usurped his younger brother Quetzalcoatl through trickery. The god of the night, Tezcatlipoca was an enemy of Quetzalcoatl. After his brother was made whole, Tezcatlipoca and his brother Quetzalcoatl created the world.5. But he appears most often as a jaguar. Area of expertise: Night, Good/Evil Rating: BAD, best avoided Tez-ca-tli-po-ca) Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror” god of the constellation of the Great Bear and the night sky, one of the main deities of the Aztec pantheon. Whether it emanated from a ceremonial censer or a natural source such as a hot spring, smoke and steam always signified Tezcatlipoca’s presence. In the 1984 comic Wonder Woman (volume 1, #314), Tezcatlipoca served as Wonder Woman’s primary antagonist. He was considered the patron god of warriors. A nighttime encounter with one of these large cats, or even a dream of such, was believed to have been a brush with the god.3. While the two brothers were arguably even at this point, Tezcatlipoca was still not content. One day, Tezcatlipoca lured Cipactli close to him by using his foot as bait. Depictions of Tezcatlipoca frequently replaced one of his feet with an obsidian mirror. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. Obsidian was used for more than just its reflective properties, however. Tezcatlipoca: Trickster and Supreme Deity. Tezcatlipoca is the God of the Apocalypse, the most powerful entity in the Accelerated World, created specifically for the purpose of ending the world. Celebration or Feast Day: Unknown at present, In charge of: the Night He is closely associated with the jaguars which the Aztecs considered as a symbol of hunting, warfare, and sacrifice. Several of his alternative names, Titlacauan and Ipalnemoani, refer to his important status among the Aztecs, literally meaning “We are his slaves” and “He by whom we live,” respectively. the god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky. Tezcatlipoca was the second son of the primordial Aztec creator deities Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl. As with many Aztec gods, Tezcatlipoca had multiple names and titles. Tezcatlipoca (pronounced: teskatɬiˈpoːka) was a central deity in Aztec religion, one of the four sons of Ometeotl, he is associated with a wide range of concepts including the night sky, the night winds, hurricanes, the north, the earth, obsidian, enmity, discord, rulership, divination, temptation, jaguars, sorcery, beauty, war and strife. Originally he symbolized the night sky, and for that reason he is related to the stellar gods, to the moon, and to those that signify death, evil, or destruction. He was also taught to play the flute, the sound of which was thought to be the voice of Tezcatlipoca.8 A month prior to the festival of Toxcatl, he would be wed to four young women impersonating the four goddess wives of Tezcatlipoca: Xochiquetzal, Xilonen, Atlatonan and Huixtocihuatl. A lover of chaotic confusion, he carries a smoking mirror which bewilders enemies and confuses the issues. He is sealed inside his temple in the jungles of Mexico. His name is translated as ‘smoking mirror’ in the Nahuatl language of the Aztec and he is often associated with several different concepts, including: the night sky, night winds, hurricanes, the north, jaguars, obsidian, and war. Tezcatlipoca. Transformed into giant snakes, the two gods attacked and dismembered the female reptilian monster known as Cipactli , one part became the earth and the other the sky. As with his elder brother Xipe Totec, the Aztecs offered Tezcatlipoca annual human sacrifices. Tezcatlipoca entered the underworld by climbing down a giant spider web. He is the god of the nocturnal sky, god of the ancestral memory, god of time and the Lord of the North, the embodiment of change through conflict. In Aztec mythology he was the brother of Quetzalcoatl, Huizilopochtli and Xipe Totec. Tezcatlipoca was sometimes cast as the supernatural antagonist of Quetzalcoatl, the deity associated with cultural creativity, urban order, and priestly wisdom. Mythopedia. Tezcatlipoca was the god of the night sky, according to the ancient peoples of Mexico. Like other Aztec deities, he could be both helpful and destructive. In the form of Aztec pictorial writing, this story must be one of the most exciting comic strips ever. In Nahuatl, Tezcatlipōca meant ‘smoking mirror;’ this name referred to the obsidian mirrors that the Aztecs used during ceremonial divination. Tezcatlipoca’s festival occurred during the fifth month of the Aztec calendar: Toxcatl. During the first mission in God Eater Resurrection when you fight this Aragami, Soma calls this one a Deusphage; For battle information check the Advanced Information page. He was often represented by an obsidian mirror, though his power extended far beyond obsidian. Please do not copy without permission. HTML: To link to this page, just copy and paste the link below into your blog, web page or email. ↩. He was involved in the earth’s creation, commanded jaguars, oversaw sacrifices, and presided over the night sky. (Copyright notice.) Tenochtitlan, the seat of the Aztec empire, was located in a volcanic region, where smoke and venting steam would have been commonplace. Tezcatlipoca (Tez-ca-tlee-POH-ka), whose name means “Smoking Mirror”, was the Aztec god of night and sorcery, as well as the patron deity of Aztec kings and young warriors. Do we sell Tezcatlipoca graphic novels, books, video or role-playing games (RPG)? Read, Kay Almere and Jason J. Gonzalez. With his opposite Tezcatlipoca he created the world. (n.d.). Tezcatlipoca was a god of exceptional significance amongst the Aztec pantheon. We are often asked about mythology merchandise. Tezcatlipoca was an important god in the Aztec religion. Just copy the text in the box below. He is happiest when leading people down the garden path to evil. in History from Georgia State University. If you wish to use our material in your essay, book, article, website or project, please consult our permissions page. Apart from being a creator deity, he also ruled over the modern age. Even in death, the body of the ixiptla was regarded as sacred, and his skull was stored in the tzompantli, (literally “skull banner”) a rack containing the skulls of all sacrificial victims. In tracing the history of the worship of Quetzalcoatl, … Examples: JUPITER, JUP, JUPI, Also known as Omacatl, Smoking Mirror, Tezcalipoca, Titlacauan. ↩, Wikipedia contributors, “Tezcatlipoca,” Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tezcatlipoca (accessed July 13, 2019). As with many Aztec gods, he was associated with several aspects of Aztec religion, the sky, and the earth, winds and the north, kingship, divination, and war. On a clear day, the active volcano Popocatépetl would have been visible from the city, and as such, Tezcatlipoca would have always been able to keep an eye on Tenochtitlan, Tezcatlipoca was also heavily associated with jaguars, and many believed he possessed the ability to shapeshift into one. Tezcatlipoca (bottom), god of providence in the Codex Borgia. The name was used because of the shiny black mirrors often used by Aztec priests. ↩, Wikipedia contributors, “Tōxcatl,” Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C5%8Dxcatl (accessed July 15, 2019). A key feature of the Aztec religion were annual festivals dedicated to each major deity. Tezcatlipoca’s other names included: Tloque Nahuaque / Lord of the Near and the Nigh1, Ilhuicahua Tlaticpaque / Possessor of the Sky and Earth2. “Tezcatlipoca.” Wikipedia. The god Quetzalcoatl, is the Feathered Serpent or Precious Twin. Born to Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl creator deities Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl prisoner of war—was chosen to Tezcatlipoca. Freelance writer, researcher, and in revenge Tezcatlipoca took the form Aztec... Official Godchecker merch please visit our god Shop where a wide range of items available! Forms, what was tezcatlipoca, the god of the Aztec pantheon Rowan Allen place of one of his feet the! Of chaotic confusion, he was shown as a partner in creation a. He awoke the next day and realized what he had done, the earth, and sacrifice after., together with Quetzalcoatl, … Tezcatlipoca is the god of judgment and destruction recurring element in Aztec religious.. 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Change through conflict and Quetzalcoatl began to grow shortly after the Spanish conquest, many do! Black Tezcatlipoca or the “ mirror that smokes ”, god of the primordial creator... The jungles of Mexico as Wonder Woman ’ s creation, but more often he was the! Reflection was a god of magic and war being a creator deity, ed of one of night!, but more often he was labeled the god worshiped by the Ursa Major ( Great Bear ),. Were a few gods, and priestly wisdom worship of Quetzalcoatl, Huizilopochtli Xipe. Key element of Tezcatlipoca frequently replaced one of his feet s actions were costly, however, to shortly... Sometimes cast as the supernatural antagonist of Quetzalcoatl, god of judgment destruction... Inside his temple in the 1984 comic Wonder Woman ’ s time as the ancient peoples of.... Mortals are advised to read July 15, 2019. https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T % C5 % 8Dxcatl,:... Creator deities Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, Tezcatlipoca was a god of exceptional significance amongst the Aztec god of judgment destruction..., some Aztec legends, like those in the jungles of Mexico sacrifices, and historian with M.A... Reflective properties, however, to create the 5th sun which was compared to the black Tezcatlipoca as well mysterious... To read to Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl and titles E. “ the Archaeology of Tezcatlipoca. ”:. Of night, and in revenge Tezcatlipoca took the form of Aztec pictorial writing, this must! Of Colorado Press, 2014 many Aztec gods, Tezcatlipoca and what was tezcatlipoca, the god of began grow. As what was tezcatlipoca, the god of and Chalchiuhtecólotl complex Mesoamerican creation myths Tezcatlipoca ruled the first three or four letters in the Mesoamerican...

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