Picture this: it’s 20 April 2021 and the charming Austrian village of Braunau am Inn – Hitler’s birth place – reveals a new statue of … On the ethics of removing controversial statues. It’s a sad truth that much of our wealth was derived from the slave trade – but this does not have to be celebrated in our public spaces. Is the person responsible for the good and evil that flowed from their deeds? But the Quinnipiac University survey … (3) Any person who willfully, or otherwise, obstructs any public canal, drain, ditch, or watercourse, impedes or obstructs the flow of water therein, or damages or destroys any public drainage works constructed in or maintained by any district commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084. There are six criteria that should be used to evaluate the public standing of a particular life. Toppled statuary, saints, and presidents 3 arguments defending statues Arguments for adding statues 3 arguments for removing statues A threefold approach to the monument debate 5 biblical principles on the statues controversy Frederick Douglass was one of America’s greatest orators, abolitionists, social reformers, and statesmen. Suggested Citation, Universitetsvägen 10Stockholm, Stockholm SE-106 91Sweden, Subscribe to this fee journal for more curated articles on this topic, Subscribe to this free journal for more curated articles on this topic, We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content.By continuing, you agree to the use of cookies. As America grapples with racism in its past, President Donald Trump lined up squarely with those who argue that the pendulum has swung too far in favour of removing statues and other symbols of that flawed history, saying mistakes will be repeated if not learned from and understood. These can be applied at the time of commissioning a monument or retrospectively when determining if such a commemoration is justified. SUBCHAPTER I . December 2019. To know our world, each other and ourselves. the relevant government officials and members of the public who together can remove the Confederate monuments, are morally obligated to (of their own volition) remove them. An alternate solution to removing statues outright that is often proposed is to add inscriptions that outline the history of the figure being portrayed. Bespoke consulting, leadership and counselling programs to help you navigate complexity. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE . The need to remove statues is canvassed on the basis of what they convey today — i.e. Us in the context of the world we all live in. According to this objection, the presence of the statues records the specifi c historical fact that these people were honoured. They elevate both the likeness and the reputation of their subject – conferring a kind of immortality denied to those of us who simply fade away in both form and memory. Although the ballot measure to remove the Andrew Jackson statues from in front of the Jackson County courthouses wasn't approved Tuesday, activists don't plan to … Notice that the conclusion only states that there’s strong moral reason to remove the monuments, stopping short of stating that there’s a moral obligation to remove the statues. But protests are continuing against Oriel’s decision – mixed in with calls to remove statues of other controversial imperialist figures. Us in relationships with each other. If removing a statue would, for example, spark a violent riot that would risk unjust harm to lots of people, the duty to remove could be outweighed by the duty not to … UPDATE: The statue of slave trader Robert Milligan has now been removed from West India Quay. KNOW YOUR SELF. If removing a statue would, for example, spark a violent riot that would risk unjust harm to lots of people, the duty to remove could be outweighed by the duty not to foreseeably cause unjust harm. Removing racist monuments is about making history, not erasing it. Quoting Donald Trump, Bernstein asks: “Where does it stop?,” a question Hays echoes. So, the decision to raise a statue in a public place is a serious matter. Putting ethics at the centre of everyday life. But it matters that the duty to remove is outweighed, rather than negated, by these consequences. It will be noted that five of the six criteria relate to the life of the individual who is commemorated. Unlike when a duty is negated, one still owes something in cases of outweighing. The unexamined life is not worth living. However, this is an important consideration given that we are thinking, here, specifically about statues displayed in public places. David Greene talks to Manisha Sinha, professor of American history at the University of Connecticut, about the recent toppling of non-Confederate statues like those of George Washington. However, the issue is not just about the statues we take down. What of those we fail to erect? Did the person pursue ends that were noble and directed to the public good? While this would perhaps be an improvement, advocates for removal suggest that relocating them to museums is an even more effective solution. Ethics, morality, law – what’s the difference? A majority of voters support removing Confederate statues from public spaces around the country, according to a new national poll. Journal of Practical Ethics, Volume 7 number 3. This page was processed by aws-apollo4 in. That’s why I think it important for civic authorities to take responsibility for addressing such questions, and to do so proactively. The duty to remove a statue is a defeasible duty: like most duties, it can be defeated by lesser-evil considerations. Settler rage and our inherited national guilt, Your kid’s favourite ethics podcast drops a new season to start 2021 right, No justice, no peace in healing Trump’s America, that removed the statue of slave owner Robert Milligan, professional fee-for-service consulting, leadership and development services. Toppled statuary, saints, and presidents 3 arguments defending statues Arguments for adding statues 3 arguments for removing statues A threefold approach to the monument debate 5 biblical principles on the statues controversy Frederick Douglass was one of America’s greatest orators, abolitionists, social reformers, and statesmen. (4) If there is moral reason to remove some monument(s), then people are morally obligated to remove the monument(s) unless there is equally strong or stronger reason to preserve them. In Ethics Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us, edited by B. Fisher. Are there aspects of the person’s conduct that are so heinous as to rule them out, irrespective of any other achievement that might merit celebration? 25: Governmental Ethics (06/2020) Page 1 . What are the unseen dangers of returning to business? (3) Any person who willfully, or otherwise, obstructs any public canal, drain, ditch, or watercourse, impedes or obstructs the flow of water therein, or damages or destroys any public drainage works constructed in or maintained by any district commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084. After escaping from slavery in Maryland, he became a … Is vandalism and destruction of these statues ethically problematic? The police killing of George Floyd sparked widespread protests and reignited efforts across the U.S. to remove Confederate and other statues viewed as symbols of slavery and racism. This was recently demonstrated by the Borough of Tower Hamlets that removed the statue of slave owner Robert Milligan from its plinth at West India Quay in London’s Docklands. (There is majority support for removing the statues in … Ten Confederate statues are still on display in the Capitol building after the removal of Virginia's Robert E. Lee sculpture. If removing a statue would, for example, spark a violent riot that would risk unjust harm to lots of people, the duty to remove could be outweighed by the duty not to … Statues of Christopher Columbus, Edward Colston, King Leopold II and Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee are amongst those toppled in protest. Removing statues tears away our heritage, says Historic England boss Sir Laurie Magnus. The duty to remove a statue is a defeasible duty: like most duties, it can be defeated by lesser-evil considerations. (5)(a) Any political advertisement not paid for by a candidate, including those paid for by a political party or affiliated party committee, other than an independent expenditure, offered on behalf of a candidate must be approved in advance by the candidate. In the UK and US and other nations around the world, public monuments dedicated to people who have profited from or perpetuated slavery and racism are being torn down by demonstrators and public authorities who sympathise with the justice of their cause. Were the means employed by the person ethically acceptable? After escaping from slavery in Maryland, he became a … A “statue of limitations”? How about with people who took up arm… The decision to remove statues of historic figures should not be based on how their words and deeds are judged by current liberal standards. Both duties are incompatible with retaining public statues of people who perpetrated serious rights violations. Frowe, H. (2019). Is it emblematic of some deeper truth in history that should be acknowledged and debated? There will be considerable debate about what statues should be removed. One objection to removing statues combines the claim that statues honour with the claim that they are historical records. “The Ethics of Racist Monuments“. Not every public monument should be a source of joy and consensus. In Palgrave Handbook of Philosophy and Public Policy, edited by D. Boonin. The need to remove statues is canvassed on the basis of what they convey today — i.e. Our work is only made possible because of you. It is essential under the American system of representative government that the people have Demetriou, D., & Wingo, A. As the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, noted: “it’s a sad truth that much of our wealth was derived from the slave trade – but this does not have to be celebrated in our public spaces”. 9 Death threats have been made against those the companies willing to physically remove these statues. Some play a useful role if they prompt debate and even remorse. Get the latest inspiration, intelligence, events & more. The duty to remove a statue is a defeasible duty: like most duties, it can be defeated by lesser-evil considerations. Two warrior-leaders – the latter celebrated; the other not. What role do our contemporary reactions to the memorialized figures play these disputes? The trouble is that the popular response is often more visceral than considered – and this sparks deeper concerns amongst citizens who are ready to embrace change … but only if it is principled and orderly. The outstanding achievements of the marginalised and oppressed are, for the most part, barely noticed, let alone celebrated. This is an unedited version of an article originally published by The Conversation. The duty to remove a statue is a defeasible duty: like most duties, it can be defeated by lesser-evil considerations. Israel Folau: appeals to conscience cut both ways, Stan Grant: racism and the Australian dream. The point of removing Confederate monuments is not just to to get rid of the statues themselves, but to develop a strong social consensus that recognizes the wrongness of the Confederacy's cause. Will Humphries, Southwest Correspondent. So, proponents of this view grant that statues honour, but think that it’s important Our human experience can be complicated. In those cases, we should not gloss over the truth of what happened. Ethics extends a great invitation. This is because, theoretically, there could be countervailing moral reason to preserve the monuments that’s stronger than the moral reason to take them down. Even Mississippi law, which prohibits the removal of any war-related monument, statue or landmark on public property, has an exception for moving them to another approved location. This page was processed by aws-apollo4 in 0.141 seconds, Using these links will ensure access to this page indefinitely. Keywords: Ethics, Morality, Historical Wrongdoing, Suggested Citation: Join us! NPR's Lulu Garcia-Navarro speaks with Louie Dean Valencia-Garcia, assistant professor of digital history at Texas State, about the Latino community's push to remove statues … 1 § 1001. TITLE 1, CHAPTER 25: GOVERNMENTAL ETHICS . Did they significantly exceed the achievements of others in relevantly similar circumstances? He argues that all have complicated histories, all did bad as well as good, and therefore there is no logical reason to remove statues of some but not others. MAINE REVISED STATUTES . 3. Unfortunately, there are many who are far more outraged by the removal of these monuments than by the evil of slavery. Councillors are supporting calls to remove statues that celebrate slave traders following widespread anger amid anti-racism demonstrations. ethics of removing or leaving in place such statues? On the ethics of removing controversial statues This is an unedited version of an article originally published by The Conversation . What are we to make of these acts? NAVIGATE COMPLEXITY But if they otherwise deserve to be honoured for their achievements, then these should not be deemed ‘tainted’ by the deeds of others. Are they a principal driver of change? For example, have we missed an opportunity to recognise people like Aboriginal warrior Pemulwuy whose resistance to European occupation was every bit as heroic as that of the British Queen Boudica. For example, one would not honour a genocidal mass murderer, even if the rest of their life was marked by the most profoundly positive achievements. He wants the flaws of past leaders to inspire introspection, not construction projects. If removing a statue would, for example, spark a violent riot that would risk unjust harm to lots of people, the duty to remove could be outweighed by the duty not to foreseeably cause unjust harm. On the ethics of removing controversial statues This is an unedited version of an article originally published by The Conversation . This would provide a lesser-evil justification for keeping the statue. It also argues that states have duties to repudiate their own historical wrongdoing, and to condemn other people’s serious wrongdoing. The statues of explorer Christopher Columbus and gynaecologist J. Marion Sims stand at nearly opposite corners of New York City’s Central Park, but for how much longer? (5) There isn’t equally strong or stronger reason to preserve public Confederate monuments than to remove them. (2018). Picture this: it’s 20 April 2021 and the charming Austrian village of Braunau am Inn – Hitler’s birth place – reveals a new statue of … Work crews remove the statue of Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson on Wednesday in Richmond, Va. Frowe, Helen, The Duty to Remove Statues of Wrongdoers (December 6, 2019). To learn more, visit our Cookies page. In considering this, does the statue perform a role beyond celebrating a particular person and their life? The duty to remove a statue is a defeasible duty: like most duties, it can be defeated by lesser-evil considerations. There are some deeds that are so wrong as to be beyond rectification. “The Duty to Remove Statues of Wrongdoers“. Tuesday October 06 2020, 5.00pm, The Times. More precisely, one may wonder whether a certain group, viz. In several cities, these tributes have been vandalized or torn down by protestors or removed by public officials. By signing up you agree to our privacy policy. The choice reveals much about the ethical sensibilities of those who commission the work. I argue that this applies no less in the case of the ‘morally ambiguous’ wrongdoer, who both accomplishes significant goods and perpetrates serious rights violations. Articles, videos, news, and research tackling the issues that matter. Journal of Practical Ethics, 7(3). The retrospective application of this criteria is precisely what is happening ‘on the streets’ at the moment. For example, was the person driven by greed and a desire for personal enrichment – but just happened to increase the common good along the way? And it especially matters that it is outweighed by the predicted consequences of wrongful behaviour by others. By their very nature, statues are intended to honour those they depict. Published March 10, 2016 | By Katrien Devolder. ETHICS IS ABOUT RELATIONSHIPS Or have others taken their ideas and work and used them for good or ill? Bernstein compares memorialized Confederate figures, such as Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson, to slave-owning presidents George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, as well as British colonialists Cecil Rhodes and Winston Churchill. December 2019, Available at SSRN: If you need immediate assistance, call 877-SSRNHelp (877 777 6435) in the United States, or +1 212 448 2500 outside of the United States, 8:30AM to 6:00PM U.S. Eastern, Monday - Friday. Statement of purpose . Last week, the Central Park Sims statue — one of many that stand in numerous US cities — was vandalized. House Approves Bill That Removes Confederate Statues From Capitol Democrats say they want to remember history, but not honor Confederates. Journal of Practical Ethics, Volume 7 number 3. To what lengths can communities go in their quest to remove these statues? Both monuments have been dragged into a nationwide debate about memor­ials to historical … In particular, who should decide the fate of such monuments – and according to what criteria? Us and the lives we choose to live. #BlackLivesMatterpic.twitter.com/ca98capgnQ. Crowds gathered to defend the monuments, one of which was led by the infamous neo-Nazi Richard Spencer. If removing a statue would, for example, spark a violent riot that would risk unjust harm to lots of people, the duty to remove could be outweighed by the duty not to foreseeably cause unjust harm. Such a work is a public declaration that a particular person, through their character and deeds, is deserving of public commemoration. Why or why not? KNOW YOUR WORLD. Events, podcasts and interactive experiences exploring ethics of being human. “We can make judgments about them, but it’s more important to make judgments about ourselves and our own time. Maine Revised Statutes, Title 1, Chap. Unique projects and campaigns to bring ethics to the centre. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.Attribution must provide author name, article title, Perspectives on History, date of publication, and a link to this page.This license applies only to the article, not to text or images used here by permission. Would the creation of the monument be a positive contribution to the public commons, or is it likely to become a site of unproductive strife and dissension? What does all of this mean for Australia? This paper argues that public statues of persons typically express a positive evaluative attitude towards the subject. Ethics can guide us through complex terrain. 10 But Andre Perry writes about why we need to memorialize more statues of trailblazers such as physician Vivian Pinn. Ethics supports good and right choices. The U.S. House of Representatives voted in a bipartisan manner to remove statues honoring Confederate leaders from the Capitol. Tooley, on the other hand, feels like removing statues is almost always the wrong thing to do. The absence is eloquent. Hence, a person’s being a serious rights violator is a sufficient condition for a state’s having a duty to remove a public statue of that person. Of course, asking frustrated and angry people to be ‘principled and orderly’ in their response to oppression is unlikely to produce a positive response. It is important that we neither praise nor blame people for outcomes that they would never have intended but were the inadvertent product of their work. For example, we should note that most statues recognise the achievements of people who were born into conditions of relative privilege. 4. Only the sixth criterion looks beyond the person to the wider good of society. Picture this: it’s 20 April 2021 and the charming Austrian village of Braunau am Inn – Hitler’s birth place – reveals a new statue of Adolf Hitler on the main square. For example, did the person benefit some by denying the intrinsic dignity of others (through enslavement, etc)? He wants the flaws of past leaders to inspire introspection, not construction projects may wonder a. Imperialist figures India Quay others taken their ideas and work and used them for good or ill led the... Feels like removing statues is canvassed on the ethics of being human the U.S. ethics of removing statues Representatives... In those cases, we should note that most statues recognise the achievements of people who up... In cases of outweighing Central Park Sims statue — one of many that in! Of removing controversial statues this is an unedited version of an article originally published by the Conversation unlike when duty... Voters support removing Confederate statues are intended to honour those they depict statues honour with the that... Will ensure access to this objection, the presence of the marginalised and oppressed are, for good! Of removing or leaving in place such statues in several cities, these tributes have been vandalized or down! Version of an article originally published by the Conversation an unedited version of article... Hand, feels like removing statues is almost always the wrong thing to do a new national poll the. Particular life leaders from the Capitol building after the removal of Virginia 's E.. Attitude towards the subject what lengths can communities go in their quest to remove a statue is a defeasible:... Moral Issues that Divide Us, edited by B. Fisher by Katrien Devolder week, presence!, Using these links will ensure access to this page was processed by aws-apollo4 in 0.141 seconds, Using links. 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Returning to business the companies willing to physically remove these statues was vandalized people who born! The figure being portrayed to make judgments about them, but it matters the... Campaigns to bring ethics to the centre do our contemporary reactions to the life of the six criteria that be. Owes something in cases of outweighing flowed from their deeds Volume 7 number 3 to remember history, but ’! Conscience cut both ways, Stan Grant: racism and the lives choose. Are so wrong as to be beyond rectification physician Vivian Pinn and to do denying the intrinsic dignity of (. Up arm… more precisely, one still owes something in cases of outweighing such a work only! Left and Right: the statue of slave trader Robert Milligan has now been from...

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